BeeSign is a unique computer simulation designed to help early elementary students (kindergarten through second grade) learn about complex systems concepts in the context of honeybees collecting nectar. BeeSign depicts honeybees in two different hives collecting nectar.  Students can change variables related to the bee behavior or the environment (e.g., placement of flowers) in order to explore the system in action. BeeSign is designed to work on an interactive whiteboard so that a teacher can collaborate with a group of students as they conduct inquiry with the BeeSign software.

Project Members

Joshua Danish

Asmalina Saleh

Alejandro Andrade


Danish, J. A. (2014). Applying an Activity Theory Lens to Designing Instruction for Learning About the Structure, Behavior, and Function of a Honeybee System. Journal of the Learning Sciences, 23(2), 1-49. doi: 10.1080/10508406.2013.856793

Danish, J. A., Saleh, A., & Andrade, A. (2013). Designing Interactive Scaffolds to Support Teacher-Led Inquiry of Complex Systems Concepts In S. Puntambekar, N. Rummel, M. Kapur, & M. Nathan (Eds.), Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning. Madison, WI.

Danish, J. A., Peppler, K., Phelps, D., & Washington, D. (2011). Life in the Hive: Supporting Inquiry into Complexity Within the Zone of Proximal Development. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 20(5), 454-467. doi: 10.1007/s10956-011-9313-4

Danish, J. A. (2009). BeeSign: a Design Experiment to Teach Kindergarten and First Grade Students About Honeybees From a Complex Systems Perspective. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, CA.